The open boat

Part 1:


1- Mane a summary (include characters and setting)

2- Explain what is going on in the boat at the end of part 1.

3- Find a picture of a steam boat (19th C) and check the parts of the boat.


  1. Four men were in a boat, the Cook, the oiler the correspondent and the captain, it was the 19 Century, in the Ocean near Florida. The four men were fighting against the strong waves.
  2. At the end of chapter 1 the Cook and the Correspondent were arguing because one of them (the Cook) said that there was a house of refuge north the mosquito inlet light, then he said that as soon as they saw them they would rescue them, the correspondent asked who would see them at which the cook answered saying the crews would see and rescue them, the correspondent said that the houses of refuge don’t have Crews, that The houses of refuge were places were cloth and grub were stored. Then they started arguing with if there were any crew in there or not.


19th century steam boat  and parts.

Part 2:


What do the following words symbolize?

-Black: Evil, Death, Elegant, Mystery, Fear.

-Dark: Evil, Mystery and  Fear.

-Ominous: Evil and Damaging.

-Gull: It speaks about opportunity, resources and adaptability, land.

-Gray: Emotional, dull, dirty, dingy

-White: Purity, virginity, innocence, good, safety and faith

1.Investigate: the theory of “the uncanny”:Horror/Mystery/Dread)

Theconcept of the uncanny was perhaps first fixed by Sigmund Freud in his 1919 essay Das Unheimliche. The familiar becomes unfamiliar and strange. The strangest in the ordinary.


The Open Boat: Part III

Summary (6-7 lines)

Include: What happened? Atmosphere?

What you feel will happen next…


Summary: What happened in this part was that they were able to land. The atmosphere constantly change from hopefully to hopeless and there was also a feeling of brotherhood. I think that they will get to land but nobody will be there.


The Open boat: Part IV

  • 7 gods of the sea
  • Theory of determinism.



  • Pontus: was the first great god of the sea and was the consort of his sister Gaia, the Earth Mother.
  • Poseidon: The sea god Poseidon was name of the Greek god of the seas.
  • The Harpies: they were the daughters of the sea god Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra.
  • The Gorgons: The Gorgons were the daughters of Phorcys and Ceto.
  • Echidna: Echidna was a daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. Echidna was a monstrous sea dragon, half woman half snake.
  • Ladon: Ladon was the hundred headed sea serpent, the offspring of Phorcys and Ceto, that guarded the golden apples in the garden of of the Hesperides

  • The Oceanides: The Oceanides were minor goddesses and water nymphs, the 3000 daughters of the Titan gods Oceanus and Tethys.


Theory of determinism:

Determinism is usually understood to preclude free will because it entails that humans cannot act otherwise than they do.



1)The Oiler has given a name because he is the narrator and he is the only one who dies.

2) The Oiler is the one who dies because he wasn’t strong enough. Moreover, he was a crucial ‘hand’ on the boat, he was basically one of the most important tripulants since he rowed a lot.

3) In the story ‘The Open Boat’ nature is seen as an enemy, since she is responsible for most of the scary moments they went through. For example, when they were almost arriving at the tiny island the tide blew them away. Once the Oiler was rowing and in all of a sudden a black fin popped from the sea and scared him. Also, the nature was responsible for the breaking of the main boat.

4) The view of the men is presented in the correspondent (FILOSOFER) Who is always questioning always about what is going to happen, about his destiny and the battle against nature. “If I am going to be drowned – If I’m going to be drowned – if I am going to be drowned, why, in the name of the seven mad gods who ruled the sea, was I allowed to come thus far and contemplate sand and trees?” Here the correspondent is questioning his destiny and criticizing nature.

5) The captain was the head of the crew, the correspondent was the philosopher, the Oiler was the right hand of the captain and the cook was the left hand of the captain. The relation was good, they all obey captain’s orders but the Oiler was the one who work more and he wasn’t mentally strong.

6) If I am going to be drowned – If I’m going to be drowned – if I am going to be drowned, why, in the name of the seven mad gods who ruled the sea, was I allowed to come thus far and contemplate sand and trees?” That is a repetition that it appears 3 or 2 times along the story and it’s important for the story because you analyze that the correspondent is the one who nobody understands, that he is always talking about his destiny and he see things in a different way than the others.


8) I think that the oiler’s death was quite sad because he didn’t wanted to die and it was his destiny, he couldn’t do much to survive but he saved his crew and they found land. I think the narrator wasn’t

9) Crane could’ve used the roman numerals to add a touch of poetry to the story, he could’ve easily drawn numbers or make a title for each part, but no. Maybe the writer is the point of view of the correspondent. It would make sense since the correspondent is a philosopher and the story is written in a special way, in terms of the vocabulary and the words used.

Patterns in “the open boat”

Pathways to interpretation:

1)Consider the biographical context and connections:

The story is connect with the narrator because he knew what was the situation being there. He could explain everything that were on the brain or mind of the people on the  boat because he had been through that. When it is narrated this story is connected because the narrator explain how the situation of the men was.

2)Consider historical context and connections:

Naturalism and Determinism are connected with the story. Naturalism is a theory that explains no one can win in front of nature, nature will always win and has the control of what happens to us. Why is this connected to the story? because the correspondant is always thinking about the nature. Determinism explains that things are determinate. we can’t  decides what happens to us, we can’t change this. this theory is actually similar to naturalism. The Oiler should die because he was the weakest and he couldn’t read life.

Patterns in “The open boat”


1)uses of and references to COLORS: “Occasionally a great spread of water, like white flames.”  “From black line it became a line of black and a line of white” “The slim lighthouse lifted its little gray.”

Gray:cool, neutral, and a balances color.

White: light, hope, good.

Dark:Danger, evil, power and mystery.

2) References to NATURE:

“These waves were of the hue of state.”

“At all times its edge was jagged with waves that seemed thrust up in points like rocks.”


8) Hints or clues or foreshadowing about the Oiler

The death of the Oiler is foreshadowed  in the story. He started saying a verse and he explained what is about. It was about a soldier that was dying and he said he he wouldn’t see land. This is a lot connected to the story because the Oiler was like the soldier of  the captain.


9) References to death or dead sleep:

Sleeping or sleep are mentioned on the story, it symbolize death. The Oiler was working all day and he was tired and wanted to sleep, that was a reference that he was about probably to die.  This is foreshadowed by using sleep or sleeping.


10) The ending– are they really “interpreters”?

In the end they thought they had won but the character failed interpreting the death of the Oiler  and he had been in-fated. They didn’t win because the nature took the life of the Oiler because he had did the most effort and he sacrifices to saved others.

Last parte:


1) Why is only the oiler given a name (Bellie)? Why are the others only referred to generally?

Because it help us to identify the oiler because he is very important in the story and because he dies. Also, it help us to feel sympathy when he dies.

2) why Is it that only the oiler dies and not anyone else?   

Because he was the one that always worked and he also said that it was his destiny to died.


3) what Is the view of nature presented in this story?

The view in this story is that nature is more powerful than men.Nature can live without mein.


4) what is the view of the men presented in this story?

the view in this story is basically that nature is impossible to defeat. Humans can’t live without nature.


5) how do the men in e open boat relate to each other?the open boat relate to each other?

They worked together to survive, each one doing  their job.


6)What “patterns” or “repetitions” do you find in the story? How are this important to understand the story?

We found Grey, Black and White.They use this colors to represent their faith in their journey.These are important to know what’s going on in the story and how is the battle with nature going for them.


8) What do you Think about the ending to the story(after we find out that billie the oiler dies)? Is it truthful, or Is it the narrator being ironic?

We Think it was logical because he was the one that always worked it doesn’t matter the conditions he always followed the captación conditions si he gave up because he was very exhausted.

We Think Is it truthful because he was the one that always was doing something.

9) why did Crane use the structure he did — the seven sections with roman numerals?

The roman numeral was used because it was the year 1898

The use of the number 7 is related with religion, the 7 days resulting in the creation of the world. There are 7 chapters because the number 7 has to do a lot with religion, the 7 gods of the sea, the 7 days where the world was created, etc.

Pathways to Interpretation:


1)Consider the biographical context and connections.

Crane was finally cleared to leave for the Cuban port of Cienfuegos on New Year’s Eve aboard the SS Commodore,The ship sailed from Jacksonville with 27 or 28 men and a cargo of supplies and ammunition for the Cuban rebels. On the St. Johns River and less than 2 miles from Jacksonville, Commodore struck a sandbar in a dense fog and damaged The boat. Although towed off the sandbar the following day, it was beached again in Mayport and again damaged. A leak began in the boiler room that evening and, as a result of malfunctioning water pumps, the ship came to a standstill about 16 miles from Mosquito Inlet. As the ship took on more water, Crane described the engine room as resembling. Commodore’s lifeboats were lowered in the early hours of the morning on January 2, 1897 and the ship ultimately sank at 7 a.m. Crane was one of the last to leave the ship. Because of this he made the story “The Open Boat” that tells the story about a captain, an oiler, a cook and a correspondent that have a accident with there boat and fight against nature. This is how the story and Cranes biography  

2)Neutralism Is said to be simply an “emphizised realism” but others would argue that it Is diserving of its own place un american literary history.

Determina Is a philosophical point of view that put’s the events of a person’s life beyond the grasp of them and out of their control.



1)Uses of and references to COLORS:

Gray: loss or depression.

White: light, white usually has a positive connotation.

Black: Death.

2) References to ANIMALS: The gull, that represents land, hope for them.They were looking for land and suddenly a gull appears, that was a signal for hope.

8) Hints or Clues or Foreshadowing about the Oiler:

In this story the death of the oiler is foreshadowed  


9) References to DEATH or DEAD SLEEP:

 Sleep, drowning, grave,


10) we think yes because he was the one who was always working so he was very tired and gave up and dies.


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